Hi everyone, 你们好吗? 欢迎收看今天的成长汉语. You’re watching Growing up with Chinese.
Now today our culinary*1 competition between 小明 and Mike continues. As they each try to make the best tasting 西红柿炒鸡蛋 scrambled eggs with tomatoes. And who will triumph? Well, my guesses you all have an idea, but let’s check in with the two of them and find out.
妈妈：麦克，记住了，先放油，把油倒进去…… 等油热了，把鸡蛋倒进去…… 等鸡蛋熟了以后把它盛到碗里。再放一点油、葱花，然后把西红柿放进去。好了，现在把鸡蛋放到锅里和西红柿一起炒，放些糖，最后放盐。好了，你们尝尝。
妈妈：呵呵，麦克，你会了吗？ 来，这还有一些鸡蛋和西红柿。你们两个人不是要比赛吗？ 谁先来试试？
Mike：老实说，鸡蛋不太熟。西红柿太酸了，而且很咸…… 水呢？ 水呢？ 我要喝口水！
I’m pretty sure anyone who cooks a lot has had the experience of mixing up salt and sugar or at least forgetting to put one or the other in whatever it is you’re making. I certainly have. OK, let’s take a look at some of our key sentences and find out just where 小明 went wrong.
记住了, 先放油, 等油热了, 再把鸡蛋倒进去... 等鸡蛋熟了以后把它盛到碗里. Remember first put oil and once the oil is hot, pour an egg. Once the egg is cooked, spoon it into the bowl. Now 油 is how you say oil so 等油热了 is to wait until the oil is hot. 到 is to pour and 熟 or 熟, 熟 is a colloquial way of saying of 熟, means cooked as in the eggs have been thoroughly cooked. 盛 is to ladle*2 or scoop out. 把鸡蛋盛到碗里. Spoon the eggs into the bowl.
妈妈：麦克，记住了，先放油，把油倒进去…… 等油热了，把鸡蛋倒进去…… 等鸡蛋熟了以后把它盛到碗里。
这道菜我永远都吃不腻. I will never get tired of eating this dish. 道 is the measure word for dish. Now not the dish you put food in but as in the dish you eat a dish of vegetables. 腻 means be tired of. So 吃不腻 is like saying won’t get tired of eating.
来, 这张纸给你, 我把阿姨刚才说的做法都写在上面了. Here take this piece of paper, I wrote down the method auntie just told us. 张 is the measure word for paper or 纸 a piece of paper. 一张纸. 做法 means way of doing or making a thing.
老实说, 鸡蛋不太熟, 西红柿太酸了, 而且很咸. Frankly the egg isn’t cooked enough, the tomatoes are too sour and it’s very salty. 老实说 means frankly or honestly note the neutral tone on 实, 老实说. 不太熟 or 不太熟 is underdone or not cooked through. 酸 is sour and 咸 is how you say salty so looks like 小明 has some issues making his dish properly.
All right everyone it’s time to look at today’s vocabulary and then we’ll go into our pinyin highlight.
But first off, let’s look at our specific vocabulary words.
- 碗 bowl. wǎn
- 糖 sugar. táng
- 盐 salt. yán
- 奉承话 flatteries. fèng cheng huà
Now today we wanna highlight 熟 because actually this character has two pronunciations. One is shú and one is shóu and in both instances they mean the same thing “cooked.”
So let’s get them up on the board you have 熟 s-h-u and 熟 s-h-o-u. All right. Now shóu you hear colloquially and shú is more the proper way to pronounce this character but they both mean the same thing and they’re both second tone.
So, our tone marker goes above the vowel here and for shou we have an o-u grouping, and when you have an o-u grouping, the o takes the tone marker. So shóu. shú and shóu. There we are.
好了下面我们一起来看一下今天的语言点. It’s time to take a look at today’s language points.
要知道. Let’s break this down first. 要 is to want right? And 知道 means to know. So 要知道 is like saying “you know,” and it’s used at the beginning of a sentence just like “you know.” 要知道, 我可是有过目不忘的本领啊. You know, I’ve got a talent of not forgetting something after having read it just once.
- 这个人是谁？／你不认识？ 要知道，他可是美国最红的篮球明星。
- 我做完作业了。／这么快！ 要知道，我做了两个小时还没做完呢。
We have a pattern next: 把 something 当成 or 把 something 看成. So the pattern is 把 A 当成 B. It’s like saying regard something as something. So 小明 said 我说怎么那么咸, 原来是我把盐当成糖了. And I was wondering why it was so salty it’s because I thought the salt with sugar or you could translate it as I mistook the salt for sugar.
And lastly we have another pattern: 宁肯...也. This is like the would rather than pattern in English. 宁肯...也 is commonly used when you have two options and both aren’t so good. And you go with the lesser of the two. After tasting 小明’s dish, Mike said 以后我宁肯饿着也不吃你做的饭了. In the future, I’d rather go hungry than eat your cooking.
- 天啊，这本书太好看了，我宁肯晚上不睡觉，也要把它看完。／这么好看！ 借我看看。
All right everyone it’s time to look at the solution to the word game I left you all with last time, so let’s take a look at our characters once again.
All right, we have a lot here don’t we and we even have a pattern so this moves a bit tricky. But let’s look at the proper order now.
要我说, 汉语, 不见得, 比, 英语, 难. All right, so the proper order is 要我说, 汉语不见得比英语难. How did you do?
OK everybody that just about covers everything for today’s show. Now I hope you all enjoyed our semi cooking class. Eggs and tomatoes is one of my favorite dishes and I highly recommend trying it.
Now we haven’t had the chance to read one of your letters in a while so today, I’d like to respond to an email that we received from Sarah in the UK. Now, she writes,
“What do Chinese students do in their free time? They can’t work all the time, nobody can.”
Well Sarah you’re absolutely right, Chinese students do what many students do in their free time. They play video games, they do sports, they read books, they play musical instruments, and so on and so on.
Now it’s not that they don’t have free time it’s just that relatively speaking they don’t have a lot of it. Many Chinese students will tell you that grade school*3 is the time for studying as much as humanly possible and university is when things lighten up and there’s more time exploring hobbies and for living life. But yes, Chinese students do have downtime*4 and they spend it according to their likes.
And on that note, don’t forget you can always watch reruns of our show on our website if you want to review or get extra practice. Now, good luck with your Chinese studies as well as your cooking. 大家, 加油, I’ll see you all next time. 再见.